Geography

Geography teaching at Eastwood School is about developing an understanding of the world, reflecting and celebrating the vast cultural experiences and identities of our children.  Through Geography teaching, we help our children to gain a greater understanding of the ways of life and cultures of people in other places. This will help to enable children to take responsibility for their role in society and in communities to develop a caring attitude towards others, animals and plants in our environment.

Geography is concerned with the study of places, the human and physical processes which shape them and the people who live in them. Children study their local area of Rotherham and contrasting places in the United Kingdom and other parts of the world. The study of the local area forms an important part of the geography taught at our school and activities are planned to build upon the children’s knowledge and understanding of the local area.

Eastwood Skills Progression

 

Subject area: Geography

Curriculum leader:

Skill Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
Location Knowledge Name and locate local town. Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.

 Name and locate countries and cities of the UK, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (in hills, mountains, coasts and rivers) and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

 

Locate the worlds countries, using maps to focus on Europe (inc the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries and other major cities.

 

 

 

 

Identify the position and significance of Equator, N. and S. Hemisphere, Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn

Locate the main countries in Europe and North or South America. Locate and name principal cities.

Compare 2 different regions in UK rural/urban.

Locate and name the main counties and cities in England.

Linking with History, compare land use maps of UK from past with the present, focusing on land use.

Identify the position and significance of latitude/longitude and the Greenwich Meridian. Linking with science, time zones, night and day

 

On a world map locate the main countries in Africa, Asia and Australasia/Oceania. Identify their main environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, and major cities.

 

Linking with local History, map how land use has changed in local area over time.

 

Name and locate the key topographical features including coast, features of erosion, hills, mountains and rivers. Understand how these features have changed over time.

Skill Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
Place Knowledge Observe and describe the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom. Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a non-European country. Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a region of the UK.

 

 

 

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a region in the United Kingdom and region in a European country. Compare a region in UK with a region in N. or S. America with significant differences and similarities.

 

 

Eg. Link to Fairtrade of bananas in St Lucia (see Geography.org etc for free and commercially available packs on St Lucia focussing on Geography).

Compare a region in UK with a region in N. or S. America with significant differences and similarities.

 

 

 

 

Eg. Link to Fairtrade of bananas in St Lucia (see Geography.org etc for free and commercially available packs on St Lucia focussing on Geography). Understand some of the reasons for similarities and differences.

 

 

 

 

 

Skill Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
Human and Physical Geography Identify seasonal/daily weather patterns in the UK  and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator and the North and South poles.

 

Use basic Geographical vocabulary to refer to physical features of their school and its grounds and of the surrounding environment.

Identify seasonal/daily weather patterns in the UK  and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the equator and the North and South poles.

 

Use basic Geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical features (inc – beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season, weather)

and human features (inc city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour, shop) of a contrasting non-European country.

 

 

 

Describe and understand key aspects of:

Physical geography including key topographical features (inc hills, mountains, coasts, rivers) and land patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time.

 

Describe and understand key aspects of:

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts (link to work on Rainforest)

Types of settlements in modern Britain: villages, towns, cities.

Describe and understand key aspects of :

Physical geography including coasts, rivers and the water cycle including transpiration; climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts.

Human geography including trade between UK and Europe and ROW

Fair/unfair distribution of resources (Fairtrade).

Types of settlements in Viking, Saxon Britain linked to History.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Describe and understand key aspects of :

Physical geography including Volcanoes and earthquakes, looking at plate tectonics and the ring of fire.

Distribution of natural resources focussing on energy (link with coal mining past History and eco-power in D&T)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Skill Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
Geographical Skills and Fieldwork Use maps, atlases and globes to identify the continents and oceans studied at this key stage.

 

Use locational and directional language (eg, near and far, left and right), Describe the location of features and  routes on maps.

 

Use photographs to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise simple picture maps.

 

Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds.

Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries.

Use simple compass directions (North, East, South and West), to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features: devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key.

Use fieldwork and observational skills to study the key human and physical features of the schools surrounding areas.

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.

Use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world.

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied

Learn the eight points of a compass, and four-figure grid references.

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied.

Use the eight points of a compass,  four-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom  in the past and present.

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

 

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping (Google Earth) to locate countries and describe features studied.

Extend to 6 figure grid references with teaching of latitude and longitude in depth.

Expand map skills to include non-UK countries.

Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.